Even before the official end of the agreement, the civil war between the South and the North had resumed with even more savages than before. Since the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement in 1972, there have been sporadic uprisings in the South, but they were quickly suppressed. In May 1983, however, a military battalion stationed in Bor, led by Colonel John Garang of Mabior, resounded in the bush. The rebels had been disillusioned by Nimeiri and his government, dotted with corruption and disregarding the countries of the South. Led by Garang, the ranks of the Bor garrison, which had taken refuge in Ethiopia, were soon swollen by disgruntled southern states, determined to remedy their abuses by force of arms under the banner of the Sudan People`s Liberation Army (SPLA) and its political wing, the Sudan People`s Liberation Movement (SPLM). In 1971, the South Sudanese rebels, formerly composed of several independent commandos, were brought together under the leadership of General Joseph Lagu, who, under his leadership, united both anya Nya`s combat units and their political wing, the South Sudan Liberation Movement (SSLM). In 1971, as General Lagu`s representative, the SSLM spoke with the Sudanese government on proposals for regional autonomy and cessation of hostilities. These discussions culminated in the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement on 27 February 1972. The agreement ended 17 years of conflict between Anya Nya and the Sudanese army and launched autonomy for the southern region, which was no longer to be divided between the three provinces of Al-Istiw`iyyah (Equatoria), Baar al-Ghazel and A`l al-Nel (Upper Nile). The affairs of the region would be controlled by a separate legislative and executive body and Anya Nya`s soldiers would be integrated into the Sudanese army and police.
The Addis Ababa agreement brought Nimeiri prestige abroad and popularity at home. . Page 255 Note 5 Quoted in Mazrui, Ali A., “Black Africa and the Arabs,” foreign Affairs (New York), 53, 4 07 1975, S. 735-6.Google Scholar Page 264 Note 2 Phillips, Claude S. Jr, The Development of Nigerian Foreign Policy (Evanston, 1964), p. 126.Google Scholar Page 269 Note 1 Africa Research, x, 3, 15 April 1973. page 254 Note 2 Peter K. Bechtold , `Military Regime in Sudan: The First Five Years of Ja`far Numayri`, Ibid. XXIX, 1, Winter 1975, p.
27. Page 273 Note 4 Mazrui, a.a.a., 742. Nimeiri`s assertion that Sudan and Saudi Arabia, “the center of the Muslim world, should work together to promote the Islamic faith,” again raised the question of how this could be done in practice, without affecting internal balance. See SUNA, March 21, 1974. . . . . Page 249 Note 1 Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Peace and Unity in Sudan: An African Achievement (Khartoum, 1973), p. 6.Google Scholar . .
Page 265 Note 1 Nine (Kaduna), July 23, 1973. . . Page 256 Note 1 You will find an in-depth discussion about this under the ebd. . . Your email address is used to notify you if your comment has been verified by the moderator and the article author or moderator should contact you directly. . Abstract views reflect the number of visits to the article`s landing page. . Page 270 Note 2 For the text of the Alexandria Agreement, see Nilspiegel, August 16, 1974.
. . Page 261 Note 1 Comments by southern students at Khartoum University on “Arab plots” to separate Eritrea from Africa. Direct negotiations between the Sudanese government and the South Sudan Liberation Movement (SSLM) in Addis Ababa were preceded in 1971 by a series of discussions through the Conference of African Churches (AACC) and the World Council of Churches (WCC). In 1972, Abel Alier chaired the Sudanese government delegation to Addis Ababa.